Magento Source Plugin: Import your Magento Data into Medusa

Nov 15, 2022 by

Shahed Nasser

Shahed Nasser

Magento Source Plugin allows you to import your products and categories from Magento into Medusa
Notice Medusa is under active development, so the content of this post may be outdated. Please check out our documentation instead.
Medusa is an open source Node.js ecommerce platform that facilitates the creation of modern ecommerce stores with composable architecture, good developer experience, and advanced ecommerce features.
Although Magento is a platform that provides many advanced ecommerce features, it’s a traditional platform that fails to keep up with the rapidly-advancing digital trends. It’s also widely known how difficult it is to use for developers.
In this article, I’ll share with you my latest Medusa plugin, Magento Source Plugin, which allows you to import your products and categories from Magento into Medusa.

Why Migrate to Medusa

Medusa and Magento both provide essential ecommerce features. However, some of Medusa’s advantages include:
  • Composable Architecture: Medusa’s composable architecture speeds up development processes and gives absolute freedom in building the full architecture of the ecommerce system.
  • Flexibility and Customization: You have full freedom in choosing what components go into your tech stack, including the storefront framework, third-party services, and custom features you want to build into your store.
  • Use of Modern Technologies: Since you have full freedom to pick the different components of your tech stack, you can use modern technologies such as Jamstack storefronts. You can also constantly update the different components of your stack independent of one another.

Magento Source Plugin

The Magento source plugin is a plugin that you can install on a Medusa server to import your products and categories from a deployed Magento store. This plugin facilitates your move from a Magento store to a Medusa store.

Limitations

Magento has 6 product types. As some of those types don't exist in Medusa, only the Configurable and Simple products can be imported.
Simple and Configurable products that are part of Bundled or Grouped products will still be imported into Medusa.

Prerequisites

You must have a Medusa server installed. You can follow the Quickstart guide to install a Medusa server in three steps.
Furthermore, the Medusa server should have PostgreSQL and Redis installed and configured on your Medusa server.

Create Magento Integration

For Medusa to connect to Magento’s APIs, you need to create an integration in Magento. You’ll then receive the authentication keys that you need for the Medusa plugin.
Log in to your Magento admin, then go to System -> Integrations and click on Add New Integrations.
You need to give the integration access to the following resources:
  • Catalog (with its child resources).
  • Stores -> Settings (with its child resources).
  • Stores -> Attributes (with its child resources).
Once you’re done, click Save.
Then, on the Integrations listing page, click on the Activate link. Click on the Allow button to confirm allowing access to the requested resources.
You’ll then see four keys: Consumer Key, Consumer Secret, Access Token, and Access Token Secret. You’ll need these keys for the Medusa plugin.

Install Magento Source Plugin

On your Medusa server, run the following command to install the Magento Source plugin:
npm install medusa-source-magento
Then, in
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.env
, add the following environment variables:
MAGENTO_URL=<YOUR_MAGENTO_URL>
CONSUMER_KEY=<INTEGRATION_CONSUMER_KEY>
CONSUMER_SECRET=<INTEGRATION_CONSUMER_SECRET>
ACCESS_TOKEN=<INTEGRATION_ACCESS_TOKEN>
ACCESS_TOKEN_SECRET=<INTEGRATION_ACCESS_TOKEN_SECRET>
# optional
MAGENTO_IMAGE_PREFIX=<YOUR_MAGENTO_IMAGE_PREFIX>
Where:
  • Copy to clipboard
    <YOUR_MAGENTO_URL>
    is the URL of your Magento service. It shouldn’t end with a backslash.
  • Copy to clipboard
    <INTEGRATION_CONSUMER_KEY>
    ,
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    <INTEGRATION_CONSUMER_SECRET>
    ,
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    <INTEGRATION_ACCESS_TOKEN>
    ,
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    <INTEGRATION_ACCESS_TOKEN_SECRET>
    are the keys you received after creating the integration
  • Copy to clipboard
    <YOUR_MAGENTO_IMAGE_PREFIX>
    is optional and should only be used if you don’t use Magento’s default media storage. If you use, for example, S3, then you should include the URL prefix of media files here to retrieve the images properly.
Next, add the following in
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medusa-config.js
to the
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plugins
array:
const plugins = [
//...
{
resolve: `medusa-source-magento`,
//if your plugin has configurations
options: {
magento_url: process.env.MAGENTO_URL,
consumer_key: process.env.CONSUMER_KEY,
consumer_secret: process.env.CONSUMER_SECRET,
access_token: process.env.ACCESS_TOKEN,
access_token_secret: process.env.ACCESS_TOKEN_SECRET,
//optional
image_prefix: process.env.MAGENTO_IMAGE_PREFIX
},
},
];
If you didn’t add the
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MAGENTO_IMAGE_PREFIX
environment variable then don’t pass the
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image_prefix
property.

How to Use the Plugin

Server Start-Up

After installing the plugin, every time you start the Medusa server the plugin will import the products and categories from Magento in the background.
You can start the Medusa server with the following command:
npm start
You can check that the products are added either using the List Products endpoint or using the Medusa Admin.

Triggering Import

Alternatively, you can trigger importing products while the Medusa server is running using Batch Jobs. Batch Jobs in Medusa allows you to run an extensive task asynchronously.
To trigger an import, send a request to the Create Batch Job endpoint with the following payload:
{
"type": "import-magento",
"context": { },
"dry_run": false
}

What’s Next?

You can do so much more with Medusa after importing your data! You can:
Should you have any issues or questions related to Medusa, then feel free to reach out to the Medusa team via Discord.

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